The social impact and evolution of Roman law, Greek and Latin epigraphy, voluntary associations, digital humanities, sensory history, Late Antiquity, and Early Medieval law.
(May 2011) PhD in Ancient History, Minor Field in Greek Art and Architecture
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC : Dissertation: “Criers, Impresarios, and Sextons: Disreputable Occupations in the Roman World.” Advisor: Prof. Richard J.A. Talbert
(May 2007) M.A. in History; Ancient History concentration
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC: Masters Thesis: “Ob Merita: The Epigraphic Rise and Fall of the patrona civitatis in Roman North Africa” Advisor: Prof. Richard J.A. Talbert
(May 2005) B.A., Classics; B.A., History, high honors, distinguished major; Minor, Classical Archaeology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA. Honors Thesis: “ “The Other Population”: Senatorial and Equestrian Statues in Rome and the Provinces from the Republic to the Flavians” Advisor: Prof. Elizabeth Meyer
(May 2014-Present) Assistant Professor of Classics, Classics Department, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA
(August 2012-May 2014) Assistant Professor of Ancient and Early Medieval History, History Department, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI
(July 2011- July 2012) Mellon Junior Faculty Fellow in Classics and History, Classics and History Departments, Washington and Lee University, Lexington, VA
(Aug. 2005-May 2011) Graduate Instructor and Teaching Assistant in History, History Department, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC
Trade and Taboo: Disreputable Professions in the Roman Mediterranean (Ann Arbor; University of Michigan Press, October 2016).
“The Corrupting Sea: Law, Violence, and Compulsory Professions in Late Antiquity,” in A History of Anticorruption: From Antiquity to the Modern Era, ed. Ronald Kroeze, André Vitória and Guy Geltner (Oxford: Oxford University Press) [Forthcoming: January 2018].
“Work and Society from the Principate to Late Antiquity: 44 BCE-565 CE,” in A Cultural History of Work in Antiquity: Volume I: The Ancient World, 500 BC-800 AD, edited by Ephraim Lytle (London: Bloomsbury Press) [Draft Submitted; Contracted].
“Maintaining the City: Slaves, Freedmen, and Associations at Roman Philippi,” in Philippi: From colonia augusta to communitas christiania: Religion and Society in Transition, edited by Steve Friesen and Daniel Schowalter (Leiden: Brill, 2017) [Contracted but not submitted]
“Currency and Control: Mint Workers in the Later Roman Empire,” in Work, Labor and Professions in the Roman World, edited by Koen Verboven and Christian Laes (Leiden: Brill, 2016), 227-245.
” ‘As Trainers for the Healthy’: Physical Therapists, Anointers, and Healing in the Late Latin West,” Journal of Late Antiquity 8.2 (Fall, 2015), 386-404.
“Curial Communiqué: Memory, Propaganda, and the Roman Senate House,” in Aspects of Ancient Institutions and Geography: Studies in Honor of Richard J.A. Talbert, Impact of Empire Series, edited by Lee L. Brice and Daniëlle Slootjes (Leiden: Brill, 2014), 84-102.
“Altering Infamy: Status, Violence, and Civic Exclusion in Late Antiquity,” Classical Antiquity 33.1 (April, 2014), 1-30.
“Mortuary Workers, the Church, and the Funeral Trade in Late Antiquity,” Journal of Late Antiquity 6.1 (Spring, 2013), 135-151.
with T.H.M. Gellar-Goad, “16. Roman Foul Bodies. The satiric tradition,” in Disability in Antiquity, edited by Christian Laes (London: Routledge, 2016), 222-232.
with Peter Martens, “Review article of A. Di Berardino et al., Historical Atlas of Ancient Christianity,” Journal of Early Christian Studies 24.4 (Winter, 2016), 601-607.
“Aristocracy, senatorial”, “Accessio”, “Cilicia”, “Comitatus”, “Consistorium”, “Constantius I”, “Consul”, “Corycus”, “Dead, Disposal of”, “Disorder, public”, “Exorcism”, “Gratian”, “Grave-Diggers”, “Galerius”, “Gratian”, “Hostages”, “Invective”, “Maximinus Daia”, “Personifications”, “Polyandrium”, “Procopius”, “Senate of Rome”, “Senator”, “Usurpers”, “Valens”, “Valentinian I”, “Valentinian II” in The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity, edited by Oliver Nicholson and Mark Humphries (Oxford: Oxford University Press) [Entries Submitted; Forthcoming in 2018]
Op-Editorials and Online Pieces
New Books in Religion & Faith Podcast (August 12, 2017).
“How Coloring Books Can Teach Us About Diversity in Ancient Times,” Hyperallergic.com (August 11, 2017).
“Uncovering A ‘Little Pompeii’ In France,” NPR Morning Edition (August 4, 2017).
“Why We Need to Start Seeing the Classical World in Color,” Hyperallergic.com (June 7, 2017).
with Kristina Killgrove, “Caesar Undressing: Ancient Romans Wore Leather Panties and Loincloths,” Forbes.com (June 19, 2015).
with Matthew Neujahr, “Divine Reverie: Revelation, Dream Interpretation, and Teeth in Antiquity,” The Appendix (July, 2014).
“Map Quests: Geography, Digital Humanities and the Ancient World,” Bible History Daily (June 4, 2014).
Research on Religion Podcast (October 6, 2013).
“Architecture in Mosaics,” Architizer.com (July 11, 2013).
Sunday, March 15, 2011 “Erasing the Face of History,” The New York Times.
“S. F. Johnson, Literary Territories: Cartographical Thinking in Late Antiquity. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press, 2016. Pp. Xiv 195. Isbn 9780190221232. £47.99.” Journal of Roman Studies, 2017, 1–2. doi:10.1017/S0075435817000351.
with Tom Keegan, “Humanizing the Digital” a review of Anne Burdick, Johanna Drucker, Peter Lunenfeld, Todd Presner, and Jeffrey Schnapp, Digital Humanities (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2012) in Studies in Late Antiquity 1.1 (February 2017).
“Civic Servitude in Late Antiquity?” Sarah Bond on Alexander Baumann, Freiheitsbeschränkungen der Dekurionen in der Spätantike in The Classical Review (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 1-3 [Online: September 2016, In Print: December 2016].
“Corrective Spaces” Sarah Bond on Julia Hillner, Prison, Punishment, and Penance in Late Antiquity, Cambridge University Press 2015 in Marginalia Review of Books, August 29, 2016.
Iain Ferris, The Arch of Constantine: Inspired by the Divine. Gloucestershire, UK: Amberley Publishing, 2013 in Res Militares 15.1 (2015), 3-4.
Sergio Castagnetti, (ed., comm.). Le leges libitinariae flegree: edizione e commento. Pubblicazioni del Dipartimento di diritto romano, storia e teoria del diritto F. De Martino dell’Università degli studi di Napoli Federico II, 34. Napoli: Satura editrice, 2012 in The Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2014.2.26.
Mark Handley, Dying on Foreign Shores: Travel and Mobility in the Late-Antique West. JRA Supplementary Series 86 (Portsmouth: Journal of Roman Archaeology, 2011) in the American Journal of Archaeology 117.2 (April, 2013).
Jay M. Stottman, Archaeologists as Activists: Can Archaeologists Change the World? Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2011 in Journal of the Southeastern Archaeological Conference 31.1 (Summer, 2012).
Christian Laes, Children in the Roman Empire: Outsiders Within. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011 in The Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2011.10.46.
Digital Research Projects
Module Creator, WOAH: Women of Ancient History Project, University of Iowa.
Pedagogy Co-Editor, Pelagios Project.
Co-PI with Paul Dilley, BAM: Big Ancient Mediterranean, University of Iowa and UNC-Chapel Hill.
Associate Editor, Pleiades Project., NYU-ISAW and UNC-Chapel Hill.
Contributor, U.S. Epigraphy Project: Brown University.
(August 2017) “Quotidian Reading: Digitally: Mapping Literary and Personal Geographies,” with Tom Keegan, Digital Humanities 2017, Montreal, Canada.
(July 2017) “Members Only: The application of legal stigmas among late antique trade associations,” International Medieval Congress, Leeds University, United Kingdom.
(May 2017) “Incense for Nightfall”: Incense, Dreams & Domestic Religion in Imperial Rome,” ‘SensingDivinity: incense, religion and the ancient sensorium’, 23- 24 June 2017, British School at Rome, Rome, Italy.
(April 7, 2017) “Those Outside the Walls: Mapping real and imagined topographies in late antiquity,” [Invited Keynote] Forced Movement in Late Antiquity, c. 300-700, German Historical Institute, London, England.
(January 6, 2017): “The Space Race: Outreach through Maps, Spatial Analysis, and Ancient Geography,” New Outreach and Communications for Classics: Persons, Places, and Things (Organized by the Committee on Outreach), The Annual Meeting of the Society for Classical Studies (SCS), Toronto, CA.
(October 2016): “The Decline and Fall of the All-Male Panel: Compiling a List of Female Ancient Historians” The Classical Association of the Atlantic States, New Brunswick, New Jersey (Panel Organizer and Presenter).
(August 2015): with Paul Dilley and Ryan Horne, “Digital Humanities and the Study of Patristics: Developing the Terra Biblica and BAM (“Big Ancient Mediterranean”) Online Resources” Oxford Patristics, Oxford, UK.
(May 2015): with Lekha Shupeck (UNC), “Lege et Recede: ‘No Trespassing’ Signs in the Roman Empire” The Association of Ancient Historians, UCSB, CA.
(Jan. 2015): “The Social Network: Digitizing and Mapping Evidence for Greco-Roman Voluntary Associations” The American Historical Association, NY, New York.
(June 2014): “Ad Pistrinum: Property, Pistores and Prisons in Late Antiquity” International Late Antiquity Conference, New York University, NY, New York.
(Feb. 19, 2014): “Panem et Coria: Imperial Patronage in Late Antique Rome” University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA.
(Jan. 2014): with Co-Presenter Dr. Kristina Killgrove (UWF): “Mapping Ethnicity and Community in Imperial-Era Roman Cemeteries” The Annual Meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America, Chicago, IL.
(May 2013) “Ignominy and Monetarii: Mint Workers in the Later Roman Empire” Work, Labor and Professions in the Roman World Conference, University of Ghent
(May 2013) “Scent and Sensibilities: The Status of Tanners in the Roman Mediterranean” Annual Meeting of the Association of Ancient Historians, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.
(Jan. 2012) The Annual Meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America:Seattle, WA: “Brewer, Businessman, and Barbarian: The Cervesarii in the Latin West”
(March 2012) Sewanee Medieval Colloquium: Sewanee, College of the South: “‘Engraved in Indelible Characters’: The Epigraphic Habits of Eusebius and Constantine”
(Feb. 2012) Ancient Religion, Modern Technology Workshop, Center for Digital Scholarship, Brown University, Providence, RI: “The Collegium Project: Digitally Registering Evidence for Greek and Roman Voluntary Associations”
(Jan. 2012) The Annual Meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America: Philadelphia, PA: “The Healing Touch: Anointers and Masseurs in the Roman Empire”
(June 2011) Shifting Frontiers in Late Antiquity Conference IX: State College, Pennsylvania: “ ‘Compel Them to Come In’: Political Exclusion, Heretics, and the Application of Infamia in Late Antiquity “
(Oct. 2010) Southern Section of the Classical Association of the Midwest and South: Richmond, Virginia: “Manifest Infamy: Transformations in Facial Stigmata and Reintegration from the Roman Republic to Late Antiquity”
(Jan. 2010) The Annual Meeting of the American Philological Association: Anaheim, California: “From Crypt to Clergy: Associations of Roman Funeral Workers”
(Oct. 2009) Classics Graduate Colloquium, Johns Hopkins University: “ ‘Aere Nec Vacuo’: Fusion, Propaganda, and Paradigm in the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus”
(Jan. 2008) The Annual Meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America: Chicago, Illinois: “Ob Merita: The Epigraphic Rise and Fall of the Civic Patroness in Roman North Africa”
(Feb. 2007) University of Virginia Classics Graduate Colloquium, University of Virginia: “Petitioning for the Pax Deorum: Superstitious Justifications for the Continued Persecution of Christians between the Edict of Toleration and the Edict of Milan, A.D. 311-313”
(Apr. 2006) UNC/Duke Graduate Colloquium, Duke University: “Bibliocaust and the Biblioclast: Bookburning from Protagoras to the Baghdad Museum of Archaeology”
(June 15, 2017)“A Short History Of The Center Of The World: Mapping The Relationship Between Humanities And STEM,” Big Ten Plus Conference, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA.
(April 3, 2017) “Redefining the Liberal and Illiberal Arts: Roman Work and Society from the Principate to Late Antiquity: 44BCE-565 CE,” Exeter University, Exeter, United Kingdom.
(November 14, 2016) “Monumental Mausolea: Building Projects and Slave Labor from Antiquity to the World Cup,” University of California at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA.
(November 16, 2016): “Pleiades Workshop: Mapping the Plague of Justinian,” University of California at Riverside, Riverside, CA.
(November 17, 2016): “The Butcher, the Baker, and the Garum Sauce Maker: Perceptions of Roman Food Workers in Antiquity,” University of California at Riverside, Riverside, CA.
(October 10, 2016) “Inheriting the Prejudices of Rome: Perceptions of Work and Labor in Early Christianity,” ECSW, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL.
(September 28, 2016) Co-Presented with Tom Keegan, “‘The Local’: Mapping Real and Imagined Taverns, Pubs, and Breweries from Antiquity to Modernity,” Western Illinois Society of the AIA, Monmouth College, IL.
(April 6, 2016) Greek Epigraphy Workshop; Digital Humanities Workshop Co-Presented with Tom Keegan Fordham University, New York City, NY.
(March 30, 2016) Co-Presented with Tom Keegan, “Meeting Places: Maps, manuscripts and making digital humanities collaborative,” Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI.
(March 15, 2016) “Buying Wares on the Ides of March: Roman Daily Life on the Day Caesar Died,” Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, VA.
(March 7, 2016) “Money Doesn’t Smell: Tanners, Urine, and the Scent of the Ancient City,” ClassicsDepartment, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE.
(February 11, 2016) “Data Culture” Luther College, Decorah, IA.
(September 18, 2015) “Spatial Humanities: The Final Frontier?” Washington and Lee University, Lexington, VA.
(April 3, 2015) “A Curious History: Memory, Propaganda, and the Roman Senate House,” Classics Department, University of Texas-Austin, Austin, TX.
(February 9, 2015 ) “A Curious History: The Roman Senate House from the Republic to Mussolini,” AIA-Iowa City Chapter, Iowa City, IA.
(September 26, 2014) “Brewer, Businessman, Barbarian: Cervesarii in the Western Roman Empire,” Beloit College, Beloit, WI.
(April 17, 2014) “All the Bishop’s Men: Funeral Workers, Personal Gangs, and the Mortuary Trade in Late Antiquity,” Department of Classics, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL.
(February 19, 2014) “Panem et Coria: Imperial Patronage in Late Antique Rome,” Changing Hands: Cultures of Buying, Selling, and Giving in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages. University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA.
(November 18, 2013) “Brewer, Businessman, and Barbarian: Brewing Beer in the Latin West,” Carthage College, Kenosha Wisconsin.
(September 25, 2013) “Brewer, Businessman, and Barbarian: Brewing Beer in the Latin West,” Rockford Society of the Archaeological Institute of America, Rockford, IL.
(September 10, 2013) “Petri Pariter Paulique: Rome of the Martyrs, the Pilgrims, and the Dead,” Milwaukee Area Biblical Archaeology Society, Wisconsin Lutheran College, Milwaukee, WI.
(June 15, 2013) “The Church of San Clemente in Rome,” Given in Rome at San Clemente to a combined group from Illinois State University and Western Illinois University.
(February 11, 2013) “Altering Infamy: Disrepute in the Roman Mediterranean,” Gulf Coast Society of the Archaeological Institute of America, Western Florida University, Pensacola, FL.
“Mapping the Marginalized: Creating Interactive Maps for Research and Classroom Use,” North American Patristics Conference, Chicago, IL, May 25, 2017.
“Terra Biblica: Mapping the Early Christian World,” North American Patristics Conference, Chicago, IL, May 27, 2016.
with Rob Shepard, GIS and Digital Mapping, The Studio’s DH Workshop Series, December 5, 2015.
with Rob Shepard, GIS and Digital Mapping, Digital Bridges Summer Institute, June 2015.
Awards and Honors:
(April 2017) Society for Classical Studies Pedagogy Award Winner ($1000)
(April 2017) Visiting International Academic Fellowship (Exeter University)
(Summer 2016) University of Iowa Old Gold Summer Fellowship
(Summer 2015) Recipient, Obermann Center for Advanced Studies Interdisciplinary Research Grant, University of Iowa
(Summer, 2015) Fellow, Digital Bridges Summer Institute, University of Iowa and Grinnell University, funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation
(Summer, 2014) Faculty Development Award, Marquette University
(Summer, 2013) Summer Faculty Fellowship, Marquette University
(Summer, 2013) Visiting Scholar, The American Academy in Rome
(Fall 2011-12) Mellon Junior Faculty Research and Travel Grant
(Fall 2010) University of North Carolina-King’s College, London Research Grant Awardee
(Spring 2009) Medieval and Early Modern Studies Dissertation Fellowship
(June 2008) Mowry Dissertation Grant, History Department, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
(May ’05, ’06, ’08, ’09) Nomination for Excellence in Teaching Assistance (TA Award): University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
(Summer 2007) Internship, Epigraphische Datenbank Heidelberg: University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
(May 2007) Herbert Benario Travel Award, Classical Association of the Midwest and South
(2006) National Honor Society Recipient
(2004-6) Distinguished Scholar in History, University of Virginia
(2004 – 2005) Harrison Research Scholar, University of Virginia: Research conducted at the Baths of Diocletian, Rome, Italy
(2004) Kate Cabell Cox Scholarship Recipient
(2003) Intermediate Honors Recipient, University of Virginia
(2001-2005) Dean’s List Recipient, University of Virginia
Independently Instructed Classes:
(Spring, 2017): Roman Law; Medieval Latin, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA
(Fall, 2016): Slaves, Prostitutes, and Convicts: Writing the History of the Outcast, Honors Seminar; Roman Civilization (In translation), University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA
(Spring, 2016): Tacitus, Tiberius, and the Provinces, Classics Department, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA
(Fall, 2015): Roman Law, Classics Department & the College of Law, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA
(Fall, 2015): Caesar and his Wars: Latin Literature of the Republic (Latin)
(Spring, 2015): Ancient Medicine, Classics Department, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA
(Spring 2015): ‘Too Big to Fail’: Commerce, Financial Crisis, and Corruption in Antiquity, Honors Seminar, Honors Program, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA.
(Fall, 2014): Age of Nero (Latin), Roman Civilization (In translation), Classics Department, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA.
(Spring, 2014): Slavery and Social Death (View Lecture: Archaeology of Slavery): Slavery from Antiquity to the Middle Ages
(Fall, 2013): Post Mortem: Death and Disease from Antiquity to the Middle Ages
(Fall, 2013): Medieval History
(Spring, 2013; Spring 2014): Greece and Rome
(Fall 2012; Spring 2013): “Western Civilization to 1750,” History Department, Marquette University
(Spring 2012): “ ‘Too Big to Fail’: Commerce, Corruption, and Crisis in Antiquity,” History Department, Washington and Lee University, Lexington, VA
(Winter 2012) “Christianization and Barbarization: The Transformation of the Roman Empire [64-565 CE]” : History Department and Medieval and Renaissance Studies, Washington and Lee University, Lexington, VA
(Fall 2011) “Slavery in Antiquity [1200 BCE – 700 CE]”: History Department, Washington and Lee University, Lexington, VA
(Spring 2011) “Introduction to Humanities”: Art Institute of Raleigh-Durham, Durham, NC
(Fall 2010, Spring 2010) “World Civilizations I: Prehistory to 1700”: Art Institute of Raleigh-Durham, Durham, NC
(Summer 2010 )“Ancient Society”: History Department, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC
(Summer 2010, Spring 2011) “World Civilizations II: 1700-Present”: Art Institute of Raleigh-Durham, Durham, NC
Teaching Assistantships (all conducted at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill):
(Fall 2010, 2009, 2006) “Medieval History”, History Department
(Spring 2009, 2007, Fall 2005) “Western Civilization to 1650”, History Department
(Fall 2008) “History of Iraq”, History Department
(Spring 2008, 2006) “History of Rome”, History Department
(Fall 2007) “Greek History”, History Department
(June 2012 ) Sunoikisis Summer Workshop on Late Antique and Medieval Literature, Center for Hellenic Studies, Washington, D.C.
(August 2011) Visiting Scholar, U.S. Epigraphy Project: Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island
(July 2010) Contributor to the Medieval Medical Register Project: University of North Carolina and King’s College, London Consortium
(Spring 2008) Tutor, Athletics/Academic Support Program: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
(Spring 2008) Research Assistant, Medieval and Early Modern Studies: University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
(Summer 2007) Student intern, Epigraphische Datenbank Heidelberg: University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
(Summer 2006) Research Assistant for Course Development in Medieval Studies: Advisor: Prof. Brett Whalen, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
(2005-6) Archiving Intern, Forest History Society, Durham, NC
(2005) Harrison Research Scholar, research conducted in Rome, Italy: Advisor: Prof. Elizabeth Meyer, University of Virginia
(2007) Excavator, North Bath Excavations, Morgantina, Sicily: University of Virginia Project
(2005) Archaeological Supervisor, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Monticello, VA: Director: Sara Bon-Harper, Fraser Neiman
(2003) Excavator and Total Station Assistant, Morgantina, Sicily: University of Virginia Project
(2002) Archaeological Lab Assistant and Archiver, Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia
(2003) Excavator, Monasukapanough, VA: University of Virginia Project
Academic and Administrative Service
(September 2016-Present) Committee for the “Next Generation PhD” NEH Grant, University of Iowa.
(June 2016-Present) Editorial Board Member, Studies in Late Antiquity (University of California Press)
(June 2016) Co-Convener with Paul Dilley of the Obermann Summer Seminar “Linking the Big Ancient Mediterranean” A conference at the University of Iowa.
(March 2016-Present) Digital Humanities Certification Advisory Board, University of Iowa
(January 2016-Present) Communications Committee Member, Society for Classical Studies
(September 2015-Present) Review Editor, Marginalia Review of Books
(Spring 2015-Present) Committee Member, Digital Humanities Working Group, North American Patristics Society
(Spring 2013-2015) Co-Chair, Society for Late Antiquity (as co-chair for Shifting Frontiers in Late Antiquity, 2015 in Iowa City, IA)
(Spring 2013-Spring 2014) Co-Chair, Workshop for Ancient Mediterranean Studies
(Fall 2013-Spring 2014) Graduate Studies Committee, Marquette University
(Spring 2011) Graduate Representative to the Graduate History Council
(2009-10) Co-President of the Graduate History Society, representative to the Graduate History Council
(2007-8) Committee Chair and Organizer of the UNC/Duke Graduate Colloquium: “Acts and Ethics of War and Violence in the Ancient World”
(2005-6) UNC/Duke Graduate Colloquium Committee Member
Society for Classical Studies, American Society of Greek and Latin Epigraphy, Association of Ancient Historians, Archaeological Institute of America, North American Patristics Society.